Image from Wikipedia Commons
As I described this summer, I found our first experience writing a renga together challenging because the form is so tenuous and you don’t have that “aaahhh” feeling that comes when the elements of the form click into place. With much encouragement from my writing partners, this round I leaned in and decided not to think so hard. As Mary Lee said, “It is better to rely on your right brain than your left with this exercise” (or something like that).
Consequently, I found the process much more enjoyable. I succeeded in not needing to feel successful, which I guess made me feel successful.
Here are the things I’m enjoying about the process:
- The email notices and messages when one of us hands the poem off to the other
- Thinking about what the person before or after me may have been experiencing when he/she wrote
- The regularity of taking a moment to stop and reflect on whatever is going on in my life and then write just a little bit about it
- The just-enough pressure to keep the process rolling
- The phone conference at the end of the poem where we talk about our process and share our favorite parts of the poem
- Feeling that Mary Lee and Steve and I have become friends beyond poems
Incidentally, my favorite stanzas on this renga are the last three, one from each of us.
And here is the poem:
as the hummingbird sips the nectar
round moon not yet full
finds my cracker–full ‘til bitten
life full with roundness
sharp as a wheel of cheddar
smooth and creamy as brie
under the gnarled oak
an old couple tosses
dry crusts to the pigeons
we become what we take in
fresh foods, sour moods, vast ideas
mountain peaks tower
above the endless plains
full — sharp — old — vast — inspiring
toward evening, golden sunlight
settled on her wrinkled face
inside she’s a girl
surprised by her reflection
in her dreams she runs
river carries silt downstream
building up the new island
sweet alchemy —
orchard apples filled
by the light of a star
loose tooth lost with first bite
red orb of bittersweet
cold front passes through
scrubs away humidity
wren sings from the fence
once, he learned to see rainbows
in the oil on a street puddle
a skill important
for grownups who are often
too busy measuring
too concerned with to-do to
barter duty for beauty
You can find more poetry at Poetry for Children.
The allure of a fresh start makes back-to-school one of our favorite times of the year. With new students comes new perspectives and new ideas that infuse energy into our teaching. Recently, we have found ourselves thinking a lot about what it takes to create a classroom culture that supports teaching and learning, and much of the work of building classroom community happens in the first few weeks of school. In Choice Words, Peter Johnston (Stenhouse, 2004) talks about one student finding a book and thinking of another student who would really like it. Connections such as these are our goal for classroom community, as classrooms become places where students know each other well and support the joyful learning of their classmates. We encounter similar experiences when teachers use the “Heart, Head, Hands and Feet” (HHHF) graphic organizer to let students share what they love at the beginning of the school year.
In one first-grade classroom, after completing their HHHF graphic organizers, Junior went to a circus. He returned to school eager to tell to Mikele, who wants to be a gymnast, that she “should read about trapeze flyers because they are like gymnasts.” Junior was not only thinking about what he loved and what he wanted to spend his life doing, but also about Mikele (and all his other classmates). In fact, finding books for friends to help them read and learn about their interests becomes part of the classroom culture when we nurture “reading wellness.”
While we think it is still important for students to engage in traditional community building activities, such as bringing in pictures of family and drawing self-portraits, we find that the best way for students of any age to build community and become connected to each other is to do substantive work together. The six lessons in Reading Wellness, spread across the early weeks of a school year, can bind students together in powerful ways. For those of you who are interested in teaching the Reading Wellness lessons at the beginning of the year this year to establish a reading and writing community, we have sketched out the following five-week lesson map (below).
You can download your own copy of this guide by clicking on this link: An Instructional Guide for Beginning School Year with Reading Wellness
Best wishes for a wonderful new school year!
We love stories of children learning to read and write. While most of these accounts come from the teachers with whom we work and the professional books we read, we especially love when we find reading and writing stories in texts that aren’t specifically related to education. Here are a few favorites to enjoy as you are beginning (or getting ready to begin) a new school year. Each one offers an instructional “moral to the story” that gives insight for how to go back-to-school this year.
- Start the school year letting students tell you about their identities as readers.
In chapter 2 of To Kill a Mockingbird–a classic text, which many of us are rereading given the recent release of Go Set a Watchman–Scout begins first grade and meets Miss Caroline who “accuses” her of being taught to learn to read at home and tells her to tell her father to stop teaching her lest it “interfere with her reading.” Scout is appalled by Miss Caroline’s suggestion that her father “taught” her anything and begins to think back on how she began to read. To add further insult to injury, Miss Caroline also discovers that Scout can write–in cursive–a skill that she learned from her housekeeper, Calpurnia. Scout quickly learns from Miss Caroline that “we don’t write in first grade, we print. You won’t learn to write until you’re in the third grade.”
Unlike Miss Caroline, the best teachers adapt their instruction to the needs of students and, as much as possible, start where the students are, rather than where the curriculum is. Start this school year listening and talking to students, gathering formative assessment data about their interests and their needs, and figuring out how to let the curriculum serve them.
- Start the school year with books that make kids want to read.
Bailey White, who was a first-grade teacher for decades, also writes about the various methods she used to try to teach children to read. In Mama Makes Up Her Mind and Other Dangers of Southern Living, she begins by describing the “word-list method” where children work to learn words in isolation and when they know ten to twelve words, they read books that use just these words. She explains that this method led to some “dreary stories” that made it hard to hold children’s interest. Next she talks about the “cute-idea” method which displayed contractions and beginning consonant sounds on parts of cut-paper animals and left her room “strewn with dismembered teddy bears and starving dogs whose bowls were permanently lost.”
In search of a better way, she stumbled upon the “maritime disaster method,” which involves helping students discover “that written words can tell them something absolutely horrible.” Bailey White describes kids falling over each other to get at the stories she read aloud about the Titanic; and not the simpler stuff she rewrote so that they’d be able to read it. Her students wanted the actual words that told the stories she introduced in read aloud.
We agree with Bailey White; stories that describe amazing, fascinating, even horrible things can motivate young children to want to read, particularly when shared through read aloud. What riveting, moving, or spine tingling stories will you share with your students to show them the power of reading? Start the school year with a commitment to abandon “dreary stories” and to surround children with stories they can’t resist.
- Start the school year reading aloud.
Read aloud is receiving renewed attention, and rightly so! The most compelling reason we know for reading aloud to students is that it makes them want to learn to read for themselves. In The Hired Girl by Newbery Medal winning author Laura Amy Schlitz, we are introduced to Joan, the main character, who remembers her first day of school. Joan tells of how her teacher leaves the upper grade children in the care of an older student and gathers the primary students under a tree to read aloud Thumbelina. This is the first time that Joan has ever been read to and her encounter with the story is mesmerizing and magical. All she wants is for her teacher to “…read it over, read it over!” This experience is so powerful, Joan proclaims that, “I became a scholar that day” and begins learning to read in earnest (and “quickly”) reminding us that something as simple and beloved as reading aloud has the power to leave a child begging to work to claim the experience for themselves and to bathe in the beauty of words.
- Start the school year questioning your most closely held beliefs.
While we wish that all accounts were as inspiring as Joan’s, unfortunately, some stories sober us and remind us that we adults can inadvertently discourage an eager child. In Mitch Albom’s For One More Day, nine year old Charley goes to the library and wants to check out 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. Told by the librarian that the book is “too hard,” he opts for a picture book about a monkey instead. When his mother sees his choice, she questions why he has selected that book again and Charley reveals that the librarian wouldn’t let him take the one he wanted. Indignant, Charley’s mom marches into the library and demands that the librarian hand over the book Charley really wanted and demands, “Don’t you ever tell a child something’s too hard…And never–NEVER–this child.”
Has what started as a well-intended attempt to match books to readers gone too far? We think Charley’s mom thinks so and her message is humbling. We all need to be thinking more about what we are saying to students when we micromanage their book choices. While there are some impracticalities with young children “reading” 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, the narrow text-level choices to which too many children are confined these days are enough to make any kid disheartened about reading. Why not start the school year with an expanded definition of “Just Right” Books?
- Start the school year living your precepts.
In Wonder by R.J. Palacio, Auggie’s (the main character) teacher, Mr. Browne, starts the school year by introducing students to the word precepts–”RULES ABOUT REALLY IMPORTANT THINGS!” After exploring the term thoroughly with the students, they begin brainstorming areas of their lives where precepts apply, such as schoolwork, family, parents, the environment, etc. Mr. Brown explains, “‘Who we are,’ he said, underlining each word as he said it. ‘Who we are! Us! Right? What kind of people are we? What kind of person are you? Isn’t that the most important thing of all? Isn’t that the kind of question we should be asking ourselves all the time? What kind of person am I?’” Mr. Browne offers the class his first precept to start the year, “WHEN GIVEN THE CHOICE BETWEEN BEING RIGHT OR BEING KIND, CHOOSE KIND.” He goes on to explain that, at the beginning of each month, he will give the students a new precept and they will explore it the whole month. Then, at the end of the month, they will write an essay about the precept. After more conversations about precepts, Mr. Browne says, “So, everybody relax a bit while I take attendance, and then when we’re finished with that, I’ll start telling you about all the fun stuff we’re doing to be doing this year–in English.”
We love Mr. Browne for the way he starts with his big goals for students and thinks beyond the curriculum. In most schools, the mission statement includes a piece about students becoming “lifelong learners.” Yet, too often, the work we do towards short-term goals, such as scores on tests, interfere with this larger intention. This year, readjust your focus on lifelong learning and commit yourself to holding tight to it. Your inner teacher will thank you!
- Start the school year with appreciation.
In Loser by Jerry Spinelli, Mrs. Meeks begins the first day of first grade talking to students about their graduation from high school. She explains that they will be driving cars and taking jobs and ready to take their place in the world. She writes 180 on the board to represents the number of days in first-grade, and then she multiplies by 12 to calculate the 2160 days they will be in school. She explains, “Two thousand one hundred sixty. The days of your journey. That is how long your adventure will last. Everyone of those days will be an opportunity to learn something new. Just imagine how much you can learn in two thousand one hundred and sixty days.”
Finally, Mrs. Meeks pulls a conductor’s cap and a train whistle out of her desk drawer, blows the whistle, and says, “All aboard the Learning Train! First stop Writing My Own Name! Who’s coming aboard?” Then, “Twenty six hands shoot into the air.”
We wish you much joy as your Learning Train leaves the station this year. May we all remember that learning and teaching are privileges to be appreciated and celebrated.